Cancer Treatment Tables

Cancer is treated with a wide variety of drugs.  The following pages contain table with descriptions of the drugs described on the CancerQuest website.  They are not intended to be comprehensive lists of cancer drugs.  Instead, they provide easy ways to find information on some of the most common cancer treatments.  It is possible for a drug to appear in more than one table.

This section contains the following tables :

 

Chemotherapy Drugs

Below is a table of chemotherapy drugs discussed in this website. To go directly to the page where a particular drug is discussed, click on the name. For an explanation of the type of drug, click on the type of chemotherapy listed. If you have trouble finding a particular drug, go to edit on your browser and use the Find on Page feature.

 

Generic Name Brand Name Type of Chemotherapy
Arabinosylcytosine (ARA-C), Cytarabine Cytosar-U® Antimetabolite
Bleomycin Blenoxane® Other
Busulfan Myleran® Genotoxic Agent
Capecitabine Xeloda® Antimetabolite
Carboplatin Paraplatin® Genotoxic Agent
Carmustine Bicnu®, Gliadel® Genotoxic Agent
Chlorambucil Leukeran® Genotoxic Agent
Cisplatin Platinol®, IntraDose®(Cisplatin; Collagen; Epinephrine) Genotoxic Agent
Cyclophosphamide Cytoxan®, Cytoxan®IV, Neosar®, Procytox® Genotoxic Agent
Dacarbazine DTIC-Dome® Genotoxic Agent or
Antimetabolite
Daunorubicin Cerubidine Genotoxic Agent
Docetaxel Taxotere® Spindle Inhibitor
Doxorubicin Adriamycin®, Rubex®, Doxil®, Caelyx®, Myocet™ Genotoxic Agent
Epirubicin Ellence® Genotoxic Agent
Etoposide Etopophos®, Vepesid®, Toposar®, VP-16® Genotoxic Agent
Fludarabine Fludara® Antimetabolite
5-Fluorouracil Adrucil®, Carac®, Fluoroplex®, Efudex®(Injection) Antimetabolite
Gemcitabine Gemzar® Antimetabolite
Hydroxyurea Hydrea® Other
Idarubicin Idamycin PFS® Genotoxic Agent
Ifosfamide Ifex® Genotoxic Agent
Irinotecan Camptosar® Genotoxic Agent
Lomustine CeeNU® Genotoxic Agent
Mechlorethamine Mustargen® Genotoxic Agent
Melphalan Alkeran® Genotoxic Agent
6-Mercaptopurine (6-MP) Purinethol®, Puri-Nethol® Antimetabolite
Methotrexate Rheumatrex®, Trexall®, Mexate®, MTX Antimetabolite
Mitomycin C Mutamycin® Genotoxic Agent
Mitoxantrone Novantrone® Genotoxic Agent
Oxaliplatin Eloxatin® Genotoxic Agent
Paclitaxel Taxol®, Onxol™, Paxene® Spindle Inhibitor
Streptozocin Zanosar® Other
Temozolomide Temodar® Genotoxic Agent
6-Thioguanine Tabloid®, Lanvis® Antimetabolite
Topotecan Hycamtin® Genotoxic Agent
Vinblastine Velban®, Velbe® Spindle Inhibitor
Vincristine Oncovin®, Vincasar PFS®, Vincrex® Spindle Inhibitor
Vindesine Eldisine®, Fildesin® Spindle Inhibitor
Vinorelbine Navelbine® Spindle Inhibitor

More information on these drugs can be found at the FDA Approved Oncology Drugs website and/or the Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine Online. This site is only available to those with a subscription. A hardcopy version of the book is available from McGraw Hill Publishers

 

Hormonal, Biological, and Antibody-based Treatment Tables

 

Hormonal Treatments

This table lists the hormonal treatments discussed in this website. To go directly to the page where a particular drug is discussed, click on the name. If you have trouble finding a particular drug, go to edit (or press Ctrl+F or Apple+F) on your browser and use the Find on Page feature.

Generic Name Brand Name Type of Hormonal Treatment
Anastrozole Arimidex® Aromatase Inhibitor
Bicalutamide Casodex® Exemestane
Exemestane Aromasin® Aromatase Inhibitor
Flutamide Eulexin® Specific Androgen Receptor Modulator (SARM)
Fulvestrant Faslodex® Estrogen Receptor Down-Regulator
Letrozole Femara® Aromatase Inhibitor
Megestrol Megace® Additional Hormonal Treatments
Raloxifene Evista® Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator (SERM)
Tamoxifen Nolvadex® Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator (SERM)
Toremifene Fareston® Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator (SERM)

 

Biological Treatments
Generic Name Brand Name Type of Drug
Aldesleukin, Interleukin-2 (IL-2) Proleukin® BRM
Alpha Interferon Intron®, Roferon®-A BRM
Imiquimod Aldara® BRM
Lenalidomide Revlimid® BRM

 

Antibody Treatments
Generic Name Brand Name Type of Drug
Alemtuzumab Campath® Antibody
Bevacizumab Avastin® Antibody
Gemtuzumab Mylotarg® Antibody
Ibritumomab Zevalin® Antibody
Rituximab Rituxan®, Mabthera® Antibody
Tositumomab Bexxar® Antibody
Trastuzumab Herceptin® Antibody

More information on these drugs can be found at the FDA Approved Oncology Drugs website and/or the Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine Online. This site is only available to those with a subscription. A hardcopy version of the book is available from McGraw Hill Publishers

 

Targeted Therapies

The table below lists targeted therapy drugs discussed on this website. To go directly to the page where a particular drug is discussed, click on the name. If you have trouble finding a particular drug, go to edit (or press Ctrl+F) on your browser and use the Find on Page feature.

Generic Name Brand Name Mechanism of Action
Asparaginase Elspar® Enzyme Activator
Bevacizumab Avastin® Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Bexarotene Targretin® Drug that Affects a Molecular Receptor
Bortezomib Velcade® Proteosome Inhibitor
Denileukin diftitox ONTAK® Drug that Affects a Molecular Receptor
Gefitinib Iressa® Kinase Inhibitor
Imatinib Mesylate Gleevec®, Glivec® Kinase Inhibitor
Lapatinib Tykerb® Kinase Inhibitor
Sorafenib Nexavar® Kinase Inhibitor
Sunitinib Sutent® Kinase Inhibitor

More information on these drugs can be found at the FDA Approved Over the Counter and Prescription Drugs website and/or the Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine Online. This site is only available to those with a subscription. A hardcopy version of the book is available from McGraw Hill Publishers

More information on this topic may be found in Chapter 16 of The Biology of Cancer by Robert A. Weinberg.

 

Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM)

CAM Classification

CAM Therapy

Animal Derived Coenzyme Q10, Shark Cartilage
Mind-Body Techniques Hypnosis, Prayer, Spirituality, Support Groups, Yoga, Tai Chi
Phytochemicals Anthocyanin, Cannabis and Hemp Oil, Curcumin, EGCG, Lycopene, Phytoestrogens, Pycnogenol, Resveratrol, Selenium, Essiac®, Flor-Essence®
Product / Treatment Plan Controlled Amino Acid Therapy, Essiac®, Flor-Essence®, Homeopathy
Man-made chemicals DCA

 

Biological Process Affected

CAM Therapy

Angiogenesis Curcumin, DCA, EGCG, Shark Cartilage, Resveratrol
Apoptosis Anthocyanin, Curcumin, DCA, EGCG, Lycopene, Resveratrol, Selenium
Inflammation Anthocyanin, Pycnogenol
Metabolism DCA
Metastasis Curcumin, Resveratrol
Oxidation
(i.e. Antioxidants)
Anthocyanin, Curcumin, EGCG, Essiac®, Flor-Essence®, Lycopene, Phytoestrogens, Pycnogenol
Proliferation Anthocyanin, Coenzyme Q10, Curcumin, EGCG, Selenium