A vaccine to treat cancer? It may seem unlikely, but recent results have shown that a single vaccine may be ale to combat many different kinds of cancer. In order to fight cancer, the immune system must be first be aware that abnormal cells are present. Fortunately, many different cancers have… more
The deaths and severe symptoms caused by COVID-19 are, in part, due to a frenzy of activity that the viral infection causes in the immune system of patients. The virus triggers the release of large amounts of signaling proteins (cytokines) - called a 'cytokine storm'. The storm leads to… more
The COVID epidemic has impacted cancer patients in many ways. A recent issue of Cancerworld featured several informative articles about how the epidemic has changed cancer treatment and altered patients' lives. The link below leads to one article, but there are others in the May-June issue. #… more
Before - during - and after cancer treatment. Exercise seems to help! Research on high-risk breast cancer patients showed that those who exercised at moderate or vigorous levels had better survival than those who didn't. The cancer in patients who exercised was less likely to come back (recur) and… more
After heart disease, cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States. The good news is that in the past 20 years, death rates for many cancers have decreased every year. For many cancers, this is due, in part, to improved treatments and better detection of early stage cancers. A… more
Detecting cancer is not always easy. Samples (biopsies) have to be studied under a microscope for signs of cancer. To make it easier to tell normal cells from cancer, dyes are used to color different parts of cells and tissues different colors. That could be about to change. A new, hybrid,… more
Chemotherapy can have severe, and possibly permanent, side effects. One of them is heart damage. Although many chemotherapy drugs can cause heart damage, the one most linked to this is doxorubicin (brand name Adriamycin®). Researchers have now identified a way to possibly prevent the heart damage… more
Cervical cancer was one of the most common causes of death for women in the United States until the introduction of the Pap test. With this aid of this test, many women have been able to be diagnosed and treated before cancer can fully develop or spread. However, there has not been much change in… more
Prostate cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer found in men, and when caught early, treatment success is very good. However, it is difficult to diagnose prostate cancer in its early stages because it shows little or no symptoms. Only when it becomes more advanced does it begin to cause… more
Cancer recurrence is arguably one of the most difficult hurdles in treating cancer. Recurrences are caused by cancerous cells in the body that have survived treatment and have begun to reproduce again in the body. Usually if cancer cells have survived previous treatments, they are harder to treat… more
Cell fusion is a process by which two cells ('parent cells') fuse to create a hybrid cell. When the two parent cells fuse, their genetic contents (blueprints) are combined, possibly giving the hybrid new abilities. There are times when cell fusion is a normal event, such as fertilization, and … more
The rapid spread of the coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) and the disease it causes (COVID-19) impacts all of us in many ways. This disease not only affects us physically, but also mentally and emotionally. For cancer patients, this pandemic adds to already existing stress and may worsen ongoing health… more
Cancer is the result of abnormal, uncontrolled cell growth. While every case of cancer is different, they all share some main features. In order for normal cells to become cancerous, several genes  must begin to malfunction or not function at all. These genes can be categorized into two major… more
Cancer metastasis, or the spread of cancer throughout the body, is an important area of ongoing research. Cancers that have spread are associated with poorer outcomes. Cancer cells metastasize by breaking away from a main tumor and traveling to another location. These cells can be classified as… more
In cancer treatment, drug resistance occurs when cancer cells no longer respond to a drug. When this happens, patients will no longer benefit from that drug and have to switch to another treatment option. Unfortunately, once cancer cells become resistant to a chemotherapy drug, they are much more… more
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a type of cancer that starts in the colon or rectum. According to the CDC, CRC represents the 3rd leading cause of cancer deaths and the 3rd most commonly diagnosed cancer type among men and women in the United States. One way that CRC can develop is chronic inflammation… more
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a type of cancer that starts in the colon or rectum. According to the CDC, CRC represents the 3rd leading cause of cancer deaths and the 3rd most commonly diagnosed cancer type among men and women in the United States. There are many genetic changes (mutations) that can… more
Chemoradiotherapy (CRT) refers to the combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy. CRT is considered to be the standard-of-care treatment for many cancers. The treatments can have side effects including fatigue, nausea, vomiting, skin changes, and organ-specific damages. The side effects are … more
Given the rapid rise of COVID-19 cases around the world, scientists and clinicians are looking into the possible effects of common medications on COVID-19 progression and outcomes. Two medications commonly found on cancer patients' medication lists include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (… more
The coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) that causes COVID-19 (the disease) is more dangerous to people with other health conditions, including cancer. Please visit the National Cancer Institute's information page for people with cancer.