Natural killer (NK) cells are an amazing part of the human immune system and have the potential to kill breast tumor cells. However, NK cells need a trigger for them to do so. Dr. Wei and his team from Clemson University came up with the idea of using a bifunctional protein to bridge the NK cells… more
Why does cancer kill? That is a surprisingly hard question to answer. When cancer spreads (metastasizes), the affected organs may not work as well, but that does not provide the whole answer. Work with tiny fruit flies may be helping to provide some answers to this question and also providing ways… more
Can cancer cells, or any cells, taste things? Not the way we do, but cells have proteins on their surface that act like antennas. These proteins (called receptors) receive signals from outside the cell and can cause the cells to change what it's doing. New research results provide some interesting… more
Cancer affects everyone, but not equally. There are many reasons for the differences seen in the numbers, kinds and outcomes of cancers in different groups of people. Some of the differences can be eliminated by taking an active role in preventing cancer and detecting it early. It is also important… more
Cancer develops when important genes become damaged. The targeted genes usually control things like whether or not a cell will reproduce, live or die. Those genes that normally provide a 'go' signal are called proto-oncogenes and those that act as 'stop' signals are called tumor suppressors. New… more
The White House has released a proclamation designating September National Ovarian Cancer month. Ovarian cancer is relatively rare, but because it has few early warning signs, it is often lethal. The American Cancer Society estimates that almost 14,000 women will die from ovarian cancer in the U.S… more
How can a rare gecko help us understand human skin cancer? It turns out that geckos get cancer too, and these particular geckos get a kind of skin cancer that's similar to some found in human. Lemon Frost leopard geckos are new. The breed arose from a rare genetic event (mutation) that causes the… more
Cancer researchers have many ways to study the biology of cancer and to find and test possible treatments. Examples include growing cancer cells grown in dishes, implanting cancer in animals and even creating three dimensional balls of human tissue known as organoids or tumoroids. However, the… more
Have you ever taken “Omega-3 fish oil” supplements? Fatty acids are essential for humans. For example, one type of omega-3 fatty acid called DHA (short for docosahexaenoic acid) helps make up body structures, including the brain and the eye. A team of researchers at the University of Louvain… more
Cancer patients may wonder if their disease or ongoing treatments may change how well the COVID-19 vaccine works and their body’s response to the vaccine. A study done in Israel helps to answer that question. The research included 102 patients with a mixture of cancer types and ongoing treatments… more
Our immune system is able to recognize and attack cancer. In fact, many cancers are recognized and eliminated before they become large enough to pose a problem. One thing that slows down the attack is the tangled and dense network of cable-like fibers surrounding cancer cells in tumors. It is… more
Cancer is often thought of as a modern disease. Increased numbers of cases has been linked to exposure to chemicals, pollution and the rise in the use of tobacco products. A study from Britain shows that cancer likely affected many more people than previously thought. The researchers examined the… more
The spread of cancer, metastasis, is the cause of 9 out of 10 cancer deaths. Unfortunately, there are currently no drugs that are effective in preventing metastasis. For many years, it was believed that cancer spread from the initial tumor only when the cancer cells had developed many new mutations… more
Since the discovery of the very first cancer-causing viruses and then the cancer-causing genes (oncogenes) they carried, research on the genes of cancer has focused on our chromosomes. Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes that contain a total of about 20,000 genes. That is certainly a lot to study… more
Mesothelioma is a cancer caused by exposure to asbestos, a mineral. Currently, less than 1 in 10 patients with mesothelioma survive five years after diagnosis. New research using artificial intelligence to analyze genetic information from patients has shown that the development of the disease… more
Getting older is the single biggest risk factor for cancer. But WHY is that the case? It turns out that the genetic changes that ultimately lead to cancer can form MANY years before the cancer is detected. Researchers looking at an older (63 yr old) and a younger (34 yr old) patient with blood… more
Dealing with cancer can be tough on patients and their loved ones. Surviving cancer also has its challenges, some of them lasting a lifetime. The more we know about how cancer affects survivors, the better we are able to help them lead their best possible lives. Research being done at the… more
Our bodies are made up of trillions of cells. Because cancer is characterized by uncontrollable cell reproduction, it can get very crowded in a tumor! Researchers in Europe have been investigating how tumor cells continue to thrive despite their crowded environment – it turns out that cells can… more
It is commonly known that exercise has many benefits for the body. It reduces your risk of heart disease, keeps you in shape, reduces stress, improves your mood, and more. People with cancer who exercise regularly tend to have better outcomes than patients who are inactive. One explanation is that… more
Low-dose aspirin or baby aspirin is commonly used to lower risk of cardiovascular events (those affecting to heart and surrounding blood vessels) events. Through observational and clinical studies, aspirin has also been shown to reduce the risk of a cancer diagnosis  and reduce death from cancer.… more