Scientists at Johns Hopkins and the University of Oxford are researching new ways to selectively kill breast cancer cells. In their effort to find targets that would allow cancer cells to be killed and spare normal cells, the researchers focused in on a small cell structure called a centrosome.… more
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive form of lung cancer which is often not detected until after the disease starts to spread (metastasize). Although chemotherapy can be effective at first, the disease often becomes resistant to the treatment. Because of this, there is a need for new… more
Researchers at the University of Southern California have discovered how to use common dyes such as tattoo ink and food coloring to improve the detection of cancer.  When attached to tiny  bead-like objects, the dyes move through the blood and collect in tumors. They can ‘light up’ tumors, allowing… more
Human papillomavirus (HPV), a common sexually transmitted virus, and the cause of cervical cancer, is being investigated for its possible role in prostate cancer. James Lawson and Wendy Glenn at the University of New South Wales reviewed existing studies linking HPV to prostate cancer. This is… more
It may seem strange that honeybee venom could be used to treat breast cancer, but it is currently being explored by Dr. Ciara Duffy at the Harry Perkins Institute of Medical Research and The University of Western Australia. She found that the venom itself, or melittin (a major venom component) were… more
STING (Stimulator of Interferon Genes) is a protein involved in the immune response against viruses and cancers. Because of this, scientists are interested in harnessing STING for cancer treatment. The chemicals that activate STING, however, are often unstable, making it hard to use STING to treat… more
A vaccine to treat cancer? It may seem unlikely, but recent results have shown that a single vaccine may be ale to combat many different kinds of cancer. In order to fight cancer, the immune system must be first be aware that abnormal cells are present. Fortunately, many different cancers have… more
The deaths and severe symptoms caused by COVID-19 are, in part, due to a frenzy of activity that the viral infection causes in the immune system of patients. The virus triggers the release of large amounts of signaling proteins (cytokines) - called a 'cytokine storm'. The storm leads to… more
The COVID epidemic has impacted cancer patients in many ways. A recent issue of Cancerworld featured several informative articles about how the epidemic has changed cancer treatment and altered patients' lives. The link below leads to one article, but there are others in the May-June issue. #… more
Before - during - and after cancer treatment. Exercise seems to help! Research on high-risk breast cancer patients showed that those who exercised at moderate or vigorous levels had better survival than those who didn't. The cancer in patients who exercised was less likely to come back (recur) and… more
After heart disease, cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States. The good news is that in the past 20 years, death rates for many cancers have decreased every year. For many cancers, this is due, in part, to improved treatments and better detection of early stage cancers. A… more
Detecting cancer is not always easy. Samples (biopsies) have to be studied under a microscope for signs of cancer. To make it easier to tell normal cells from cancer, dyes are used to color different parts of cells and tissues different colors. That could be about to change. A new, hybrid,… more
Chemotherapy can have severe, and possibly permanent, side effects. One of them is heart damage. Although many chemotherapy drugs can cause heart damage, the one most linked to this is doxorubicin (brand name Adriamycin®). Researchers have now identified a way to possibly prevent the heart damage… more
Cervical cancer was one of the most common causes of death for women in the United States until the introduction of the Pap test. With this aid of this test, many women have been able to be diagnosed and treated before cancer can fully develop or spread. However, there has not been much change in… more
Prostate cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer found in men, and when caught early, treatment success is very good. However, it is difficult to diagnose prostate cancer in its early stages because it shows little or no symptoms. Only when it becomes more advanced does it begin to cause… more
Cancer recurrence is arguably one of the most difficult hurdles in treating cancer. Recurrences are caused by cancerous cells in the body that have survived treatment and have begun to reproduce again in the body. Usually if cancer cells have survived previous treatments, they are harder to treat… more
Cell fusion is a process by which two cells ('parent cells') fuse to create a hybrid cell. When the two parent cells fuse, their genetic contents (blueprints) are combined, possibly giving the hybrid new abilities. There are times when cell fusion is a normal event, such as fertilization, and … more
The rapid spread of the coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) and the disease it causes (COVID-19) impacts all of us in many ways. This disease not only affects us physically, but also mentally and emotionally. For cancer patients, this pandemic adds to already existing stress and may worsen ongoing health… more
Cancer is the result of abnormal, uncontrolled cell growth. While every case of cancer is different, they all share some main features. In order for normal cells to become cancerous, several genes  must begin to malfunction or not function at all. These genes can be categorized into two major… more
Cancer metastasis, or the spread of cancer throughout the body, is an important area of ongoing research. Cancers that have spread are associated with poorer outcomes. Cancer cells metastasize by breaking away from a main tumor and traveling to another location. These cells can be classified as… more