Two recent studies have shown the smokers who light up right after waking up are more likely to develop lung or head/neck cancer. The increased risk seems to be related to the fact that these smokers are more addicted to nicotine and inhale the smoke more deeply, increasing their exposure to… more
The evidence is rapidly accumulating that dogs can smell some forms of cancer. In a recent study, dogs were trained to identify lung cancer by smelling exhaled breath samples from patients. They were able to identify 71% of the lung cancer samples and were not confused by samples from patients… more
Smoking has been shown to increase the risk of many forms of cancer in both men and women. A new study looking at a very large group of men and women in the AARP-NIH Diet and Health Study group has found that about 50% of bladder cancers in women are linked to smoking. This result is higher than… more
The FDA approved a vemurafenib (ZELBORAF®), for the treatment of advanced melanoma. The drug can only be used to treat patients whose cancers have mutations in the BRAF gene. For those patients, vemurafenib has been shown be more effective than existing treatments. The drug is given as a pill.
DNA repair is important for the prevention of cancer. Recently, a gene that makes a DNA repair protein, RAD51D, was shown to be important in the prevention of ovarian cancer. A comparison of people from families with a history breast/ovarian cancer with those without a history showed that women… more
A review of 30 trials suggests that either music therapy and other types of music treatments reduce anxiety in cancer patients. Positive effects were also seen on quality of life, blood pressure and heart rate. The results are very preliminary and the authors suggest that more information (and… more
A study of over 90,000 deaths in New Zealand has found a link between growing up/working around livestock and development of blood cancers. The linkage was strongest amongst those who grew up near poultry. In this population the risk was three times higher. The cause is unknown but may be… more
A study of over one million U.K. women showed that taller women are more likely to get cancer. The researchers examined seventeen different cancer types and found that cancer risk was increased in 15 and statistically increased in 10 of the cancer types examined. The reasons for the increase are… more
The prostate specific antigen (PSA) test for prostate cancer is not perfect, and many men with elevated levels of PSA in their blood undergo prostate biopsies that turn out to be not needed. A new, non-invasive, test has been shown to work well with PSA testing to detect the presence of prostate… more
All of our cells rely in sugar for energy. Cancer cells just need more sugar than normal cells. This is because many cancers only use some of the available energy making processes, so they get less energy per sugar molecule. Using kidney cancer as a model, researchers have identified a target… more
Nitrate and nitrite salt consumption causes cancer in animals. Because these chemcials are found at high levels in cured meats such as ham, bacon, and hot dogs, their role in human cancer is of great interest. Pancreatic cancer was the focus of this investigation. Research presented in the… more
In a clinical trial, a large group of post-menopausal women were given vitamin D and calcium supplements and followed to determine the effects of the treatment on the development of skin cancer. The results showed that for women at high risk of developing cancer, (those who had previously had a… more
The Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network has successfully analyzed the genetic changes that occur in advance serous adenocarcinoma, the most common form of ovarian cancer. The researchers examined the activity and structure of the genes in 489 different cases of advanced ovarian cancer. This… more
Use of varenicline (brand name - Champix®, manufactured by Pfizer), a commonly used smoking cessation drug, may be associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular problems. A meta-analysis, or a review of a large number of studies in this area, found that smokers who reported using this drug more … more
A study published in the Journal of Urology examined the relationship between the presence of arsenic in urine and kidney cancer (renal cell carcinoma), the most common form of cancer of the kidneys. Their conclusion was that the level of arsenic present in urine is strongly related to the… more
German and U.S. researchers have shown that a single gene, BRAF, can cause a form fo brain cancer if it is not properly controlled. BRAF is part of a cell signaling pathway and is known to be involved in the development of pilocytic astrocytoma, a growth that most often affects children. In mice,… more
Nanoparticles, extremely small man-made structures, hold great promise as cancer treatment delivery systems. The tiny hollow particles can carry drugs directly to cancer cells. A stumbling block for their use has been the rapid elimination of the particles from the circulation. Researchers from… more
It is well established that cancer is a genetic disease. It is the result of an accumulation of changes (mutations) in genes that control cell division. The actual order in which the mutations occur is not clear. Research from the University of California was able to determine the order of… more
CancerQuest.org has created an interactive 'Cervical Cancer Awareness Town' that lets users watch as 'citizens' discuss issues about human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer. The material is available in English and Spanish.
A study of 5366 men diagnosed with prostate cancer between 1986 and 2006 demonstrated that men who smoke are more likely to die from their disease (or cardiovascular disease) than non-smokers or patients who had quit smoking for at least 10 yrs. prior to their diagnosis.