Brand name: Xanax
Brand name: Xanax XR
Brand name: Niravam
IUPAC: 8-chloro-1-methyl-6-phenyl-4H-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a][1,4]benzodiazepine
FDA approval: Yes

Alprazolam is frequently used in the treatment of anxiety and panic disorders.  In cancer sufferers, the drug would be prescribed for depressive symptoms that sometimes result from treatment or condition. It is most commonly prescribed in tablet form, but is also available in disintegrating tablet and liquid forms.1  

  • 1Alprazolam MedlinePlus

Alprazolam is a benzodiazepine, which works through a process that decreases atypical excitement in the brain.1  

The diagram above shows the 3D molecular structure of Alprazolam. 


  • 1Alprazolam MedlinePlus
Side effects:

Alprazolam has a variety of side effects, which include: drowsiness, light-headedness, headache, tiredness, dizziness, irritability, nausea, appetite/body changes and overall irritability.1  

  • 1Alprazolam MedlinePlus