A mastectomy is a procedure that removes the entire breast. A _________ only removes the tumor and a small amount of surrounding tissue.
Detection and Diagnosis
GeneChip analysis uses DNA labeled with fluorescent dyes to monitor gene expression.
Abnormal PSA levels indicate that a man has prostate cancer.
The CA-125 blood test is not recommended as a large-scale screening for ovarian cancer.
A mammogram is able to distinguish cancer from other abnormalities.
Mammographic sensitivity is decreased in women with dense breasts.
What are the two major indications of possible breast cancer that can be detected on a mammogram?
In a pathology report, as a cell becomes more differentiated, it is also more atypical.
Which of the following factors would NOT be used to identify an atypical cell obtained via a biopsy.
Which of the following is NOT a component of a pathology report?
The T/N/M system identifies all of the following characteristics EXCEPT:
In the T/N/M method of staging a cancer patient the three letters stand for (in order) _____.
A clinical test indicates that a patient has a condition but the patient does not have the indicated disorder. This is known as a ______.
_______ of a given diagnostic tool refers to the potential of that tool to detect cancer, or yield a true positive.
Diagnostic tools have a certain degree of _________, depending on the percentage of successful true negatives ( no detection of disease when there is no disease).
Which of the following colorectal cancer screening options may be performed with a home kit?
The Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) is used to test for possible signs what type of cancer?
Polyps may be removed during screening of the ____.
Prostate specific antigen (PSA) is a normal component of semen.
Abnormal events in the prostate, such as cancer, are detected by a decrease in level of PSA in the blood.
Sigmoidoscopy is used to screen for abnormalities in the ____.
In screening for cervical cancer, liquid-based cytology is less expensive and therefore favored over the direct smear method.
The Pap smear is used to screen for abnormalities in the ____.
Which of the following are major risk factors for cervical cancer?